To keep up with a growing population, state water planners in Texas are more likely to include alternative water sources to bridge the supply gap. Two increasingly likely water sources include desalination and reuse water, according to the article Microfilters, major results from the fall 2017 issue of txH2O magazine.
These treatment methods can be achieved with the use of microfilters: paper-thin filters, also called membrane filters, made of multiple layers of permeable polymers. In the water treatment process, filters are placed in pipes that water is pushed through at high pressures to remove microscopic contaminants.
Water treatment plants can use about 100 filters simultaneously throughout their facilities and daily processes, according to the article. The goal of the researchers has been to figure out how to de-clog, regenerate and maximize the productivity of the filters.